The Role of Ammonium Fluoroborate in Electrolytes


Supercapacitors, recognized for their superior charge-discharge rates and high power density, have become pivotal in various high-performance energy storage applications. The electrolyte, a critical component of supercapacitors, significantly influences their efficiency, stability, and overall performance. Among the numerous electrolyte materials investigated, ammonium fluoroborate (NH4BF4) has garnered considerable attention for its unique properties that contribute to the enhanced performance of supercapacitors.

Understanding Ammonium Fluoroborate

Ammonium fluoroborate is an inorganic salt comprising ammonium ions (NH4+) and tetrafluoroborate ions (BF4-). This compound is known for its high solubility in water and organic solvents, which makes it a versatile choice for electrolyte formulations. The BF4- ion, in particular, is noteworthy for its stability and ability to facilitate efficient ion transport within the electrolyte.

ammonium fluoroborate exporter

Key Benefits of NH4BF4 in Supercapacitor Electrolytes

1、High Ionic Mobility:

The dissociation of NH4BF4 in solution produces NH4+ and BF4- ions, which exhibit high ionic mobility. This ensures efficient charge transport between the electrodes, a critical factor for achieving high power density in supercapacitors. The rapid movement of ions helps in minimizing the internal resistance and maximizing the efficiency of energy storage and delivery.

2、Enhanced Voltage Range:

One of the primary advantages of using ammonium fluoroborate in supercapacitor electrolytes is its ability to support a wide electrochemical stability window. This means that supercapacitors with NH4BF4-based electrolytes can operate at higher voltages without the risk of electrolyte decomposition. Higher operating voltages translate to increased energy storage capacity, as the energy stored (E) is proportional to the square of the voltage (V), E = 1/2 CV2.

3、Chemical and Thermal Stability:

The stability of an electrolyte is crucial for the long-term performance and safety of supercapacitors. NH4BF4 is known for its chemical inertness and thermal stability, which prevent degradation and ensure consistent performance over extended periods. This stability is particularly important for applications that require reliable energy storage over many charge-discharge cycles.

4、Compatibility with Various Solvents:

The solubility of ammonium fluoroborate in both aqueous and organic solvents allows for the formulation of a wide range of electrolytes tailored to specific applications. In aqueous solutions, NH4BF4 can provide high ionic conductivity, while in organic solvents such as acetonitrile (ACN) and propylene carbonate (PC), it can offer enhanced voltage stability and thermal performance.

Advanced Electrolyte Formulations

In addition to its use in traditional solvent systems, ammonium fluoroborate can be integrated with ionic liquids (ILs) to create advanced electrolyte formulations. Ionic liquids are salts in a liquid state at or near room temperature, known for their non-volatility, high thermal stability, and broad electrochemical windows. When combined with NH4BF4, these hybrid electrolytes can exhibit synergistic effects, resulting in improved ionic conductivity, extended voltage ranges, and enhanced overall performance.

Real-World Applications

The unique properties of NH4BF4-based electrolytes make them suitable for a variety of high-performance applications:

1、Automotive Industry: Supercapacitors are used in electric and hybrid vehicles for functions such as regenerative braking, where they capture and store energy during braking and release it during acceleration. The high power density and rapid charge-discharge capabilities of NH4BF4-based supercapacitors make them ideal for these applications.

2、Renewable Energy Systems: In renewable energy applications, supercapacitors can provide short-term energy storage to stabilize power output from sources such as solar panels and wind turbines. The stability and efficiency of NH4BF4 electrolytes enhance the reliability of these systems.

ammonium tetrafluoroborate

3、Consumer Electronics: The rapid charging and discharging properties of supercapacitors are beneficial for consumer electronics that require quick bursts of power. NH4BF4-based electrolytes can help improve the performance and lifespan of these devices.

Ammonium fluoroborate has proven to be a valuable component in the development of high-performance supercapacitor electrolytes. Its high ionic mobility, wide electrochemical stability window, chemical and thermal stability, and compatibility with various solvents make it an ideal choice for enhancing the energy and power density of supercapacitors. As research continues to uncover new ways to leverage the benefits of NH4BF4, its role in advancing energy storage technologies remains significant. With ongoing innovation, NH4BF4-based electrolytes are poised to play a crucial role in meeting the growing demand for efficient and reliable energy storage solutions across multiple industries.

Get the latest price? We'll respond as soon as possible(within 12 hours)

Privacy policy